Trafficking

GENERAL OVERVIEW OF TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS

What is trafficking in persons?
Trafficking in persons is an international problem and it represents a contemporary form of slavery. During the process of trafficking in persons, the human body and labor are exploited in the cruelest possible manner and the fundamental human rights of the victims are also violated, starting with the restriction of movement and all the way to violence and abuse. This most commonly occurs in the sex industry, the civil construction and agricultural sector, but, it also occurs in private households, otherwise recognized and identified as sectors of weak collective rights. Contrary to the global efforts for suppression, this phenomenon still persists. Trafficking in persons, as a phenomenon, is caused by various reasons that would appear in all of the phases of the process of trafficking in persons: in countries of origin (unemployment, poverty, wars, political instability, poor social conditions, gender inequality), in destination countries (demand for cheap labor force or repressive migration policies) and during migration (lack of secure and legal possibilities for migration). As an antecedent to the above listed factors, additional share may be attributed to violence, especiallydomestic violence, sexual abuse, discrimination, parental negligence, low educational level and lack of life skills. The search for a better life, the possibilities for employment and better chances for earning a higher income, the search for better quality education or the desire to discover new countries, combined with the lack of information, contributes towards making uninformed decisions that can be very easily exploited by the traffickers. When speaking about the number of victims on a worldwide level and even on a domestic level, it is practically impossible to provide for concrete, accurate and generally accepted statistics. Various stakeholders, including international organizations, institutional partners and NGOs are applying different techniques for data collection and use diverse indicators.

Besides this, there are also other reasons due to which, an accurate number that reflects reality cannot be provided, such as: large number of unreported cases; poor identification; fear to report the case by the victims because they are or have been under threat by the traffickers; fear not to be detained or placed in custody as illegal migrants due to the existence of different national legislations; lack of confidence and trust in the competent law enforcement authorities and often happens that the victims are not able to recognize themselves as victims. Contrary to the stereotype that trafficking in persons, mostly occurs in the sex industry and that the victims are primarily young and naïve women, a large portion of the trafficked persons around the world are actually men and mostly they are trafficked for labor exploitation.
Long time ago, the international community began to promote and create policies and to prepare and implement conventions, while on the other hand, the states started drafting strategies and national action plans to prevent and to deal with this phenomenon, but unfortunately, even after many years, trafficking in persons is still present in underdeveloped countries, in developing countries, as well as in the economically developed countries, in post war countries and countries that are still at war, or in short, trafficking in persons is a global problem and no single country is immune to this phenomenon.

Contrary to the stereotype that trafficking in persons, mostly occurs in the sex industry and that the victims are primarily young and naïve women, a large portion of the trafficked persons around the world are actually men and mostly they are trafficked for labor exploitation.
Although, trafficking in persons represents a common problem for all countries on a global level, still, different countries use diverse approaches and deal with it in different manners. Many of the countries do recognize trafficking in persons as a serious violation of human rights, but nevertheless do not render appropriate assistance, support and protection of trafficked persons. Even, when in certain cases, a short-term assistance is offered, there is a lack of long-term solutions, such as: access to the labor market or obtaining a long-term residence permit (if the trafficked person is not willing or cannot return to his or her native country or country of origin).
In general, state policies have a tendency to focus on measures in the area of controlling crime and migration policies and are much less focused on the protection of the human rights of trafficked persons. Creating policies to fight against trafficking in persons, where the principle of respecting human rights shall be imbedded and implemented, will allow for an adequate response to the reasons that lead to the emergence of trafficking in persons, which, in turn, shall contribute to strengthening of vulnerable groups.
 

  • CREATE HOPE Humanitarian art bazaar of handicrafts

    CREATE HOPE is the motto of the Humanitarian Art Bazaar of handicrafts created by refugees to be held in honor of #WorldRefugeeDay.
    139 refugees and migrants created over 100 pieces of jewelry, ornaments and pictures as part of the 15 art therapy workshops held in transit centers Tabanovce and Vinojug and reception center Vizbegovo.
    The artifacts will be on sale, and the funds raised will be used to support the needs of refugees and migrants in Macedonia.
    USAID's Migrant and Refugee Human Rights Protection Project, implemented by Macedonian Young Lawyers Association in cooperation with Open Gate - Open Gate: La Strada Macedonia invites you to be part of this event and to contribute to strengthening public awareness of refugees and to the welfare of these people.
    USAID Macedonia #withrefugees #refugeeday

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  • Global Monthly Surveillance Report

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  • We call today upon all European governments to implement the
    10 points of action described below to ensure
    that trafficked persons can access their right to
    compensation and to remove the
    obstacles that prevent them from doing to.

     SEE FULL STATEMENT +10 ACTION POINTS

     
    This campaign is part of the Balkans ACT NOW II project which
    focuses on monitoring national anti-trafficking policies
    and the improvement of access to compensation
    for victims of human trafficking and other violent crimes.  

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  • To Say YES for better life of all refuges

    To Say YES for better life of all refuges, YES for recognitions of their human rights
    On the 20 th of June the World Refugees Day – the day of all people, who are force to say good bye for its homeland, for their first love, friends, family members, mother, father …… to leave part from their life.
    Millions of children never will forget and cope with the trauma that they survived, through the heal they gone in the unknown. To ask ourselves how much they are guilty because of the different reasons are displaced from their homes, tortured? Even though it is commonly spoken for the human rights, adopted conventions, laws, directives and strategies however today many people and children do not have the opportunities to enjoy it.  In the name of World Refugees Day, Open Gate in the Reception centres at Vinojug/Gevgelija and Tabanovce and in the Center for Asylum seekers organize variety of activates with the migrants/refugees and the asylum seekers that are in Macedonia amongst which : sports activate, visits of the ZOO in Skopje, children games, traditional food and etc. Through these activates Open Gate would like to say YES for better life of all Refugees, Yes for recognitions of their human rights.

      

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Videos
  • Raise your voice against human trafficking 3 Part
    Raise your voice against human trafficking 3 Part
  • Mobil Application BAN HUMAN TRAFFICKING
    Mobil Application BAN HUMAN TRAFFICKING
  • 'Used in Europe', a campaign to raise awareness on the issue of labour exploitation and human trafficking  Interested to know more?
    'Used in Europe', a campaign to raise awareness on the issue of labour exploitation and human trafficking Interested to know more?
  • Raise your voice against human trafficking- 2 Part
    Raise your voice against human trafficking- 2 Part
  • Prevent Protect Compensate
    Prevent Protect Compensate
  • Media campaign - Raise your voice against human trafficking- 1 Part
    Media campaign - Raise your voice against human trafficking- 1 Part
  • Baner Hana
    Baner Hana
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