GENERAL OVERVIEW OF TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS
What is trafficking in persons?
Trafficking in persons is an international problem and it represents a contemporary form of slavery. During the process of trafficking in persons, the human body and labor are exploited in the cruelest possible manner and the fundamental human rights of the victims are also violated, starting with the restriction of movement and all the way to violence and abuse. This most commonly occurs in the sex industry, the civil construction and agricultural sector, but, it also occurs in private households, otherwise recognized and identified as sectors of weak collective rights. Contrary to the global efforts for suppression, this phenomenon still persists. Trafficking in persons, as a phenomenon, is caused by various reasons that would appear in all of the phases of the process of trafficking in persons: in countries of origin (unemployment, poverty, wars, political instability, poor social conditions, gender inequality), in destination countries (demand for cheap labor force or repressive migration policies) and during migration (lack of secure and legal possibilities for migration). As an antecedent to the above listed factors, additional share may be attributed to violence, especiallydomestic violence, sexual abuse, discrimination, parental negligence, low educational level and lack of life skills. The search for a better life, the possibilities for employment and better chances for earning a higher income, the search for better quality education or the desire to discover new countries, combined with the lack of information, contributes towards making uninformed decisions that can be very easily exploited by the traffickers. When speaking about the number of victims on a worldwide level and even on a domestic level, it is practically impossible to provide for concrete, accurate and generally accepted statistics. Various stakeholders, including international organizations, institutional partners and NGOs are applying different techniques for data collection and use diverse indicators.
Besides this, there are also other reasons due to which, an accurate number that reflects reality cannot be provided, such as: large number of unreported cases; poor identification; fear to report the case by the victims because they are or have been under threat by the traffickers; fear not to be detained or placed in custody as illegal migrants due to the existence of different national legislations; lack of confidence and trust in the competent law enforcement authorities and often happens that the victims are not able to recognize themselves as victims. Contrary to the stereotype that trafficking in persons, mostly occurs in the sex industry and that the victims are primarily young and naïve women, a large portion of the trafficked persons around the world are actually men and mostly they are trafficked for labor exploitation.
Long time ago, the international community began to promote and create policies and to prepare and implement conventions, while on the other hand, the states started drafting strategies and national action plans to prevent and to deal with this phenomenon, but unfortunately, even after many years, trafficking in persons is still present in underdeveloped countries, in developing countries, as well as in the economically developed countries, in post war countries and countries that are still at war, or in short, trafficking in persons is a global problem and no single country is immune to this phenomenon.
Contrary to the stereotype that trafficking in persons, mostly occurs in the sex industry and that the victims are primarily young and naïve women, a large portion of the trafficked persons around the world are actually men and mostly they are trafficked for labor exploitation.
Although, trafficking in persons represents a common problem for all countries on a global level, still, different countries use diverse approaches and deal with it in different manners. Many of the countries do recognize trafficking in persons as a serious violation of human rights, but nevertheless do not render appropriate assistance, support and protection of trafficked persons. Even, when in certain cases, a short-term assistance is offered, there is a lack of long-term solutions, such as: access to the labor market or obtaining a long-term residence permit (if the trafficked person is not willing or cannot return to his or her native country or country of origin).
In general, state policies have a tendency to focus on measures in the area of controlling crime and migration policies and are much less focused on the protection of the human rights of trafficked persons. Creating policies to fight against trafficking in persons, where the principle of respecting human rights shall be imbedded and implemented, will allow for an adequate response to the reasons that lead to the emergence of trafficking in persons, which, in turn, shall contribute to strengthening of vulnerable groups.
Installation "Handle with Care
Friday, November 2 at the National Gallery of Macedonia -Mala Station, we successfully opened the art installation "Handle with Care." Thanks to all the citizens, institutions, CSO and international organizations that came to see the event and support the initiative.
The messages s was clear, it is necessary to continue together with the efforts against trafficking in human beings both at the international and at the national level. We need to ensure the timely identification and to provide unreserved protection to victims.
On November 3, we continued with panel discussion, with representatives of MTSP, HOPS, Coalition of margins, Open Gate/ La Strada and other participants’ mostly young professionals and other citizens.
We agreed that trafficking in human beings should not be a taboo topic. The recruitment of women's rights, the strengthening and support of women and girls and gender equality should be at the center of the efforts to prevent trafficking in human beings and exploitation.
For all of you who were not able to visit the event in Skopje, can come to the events planned in Tetovo on 7/8 / 9.11.2018 in the Center for Balkan Cooperation and Bitola on 13/14 / 15.11.2018 - Center for Culture. This project continues to travel in the other cities, in cooperation with the Association Women Forum Tetovo and NGO Semper Bitola. We expect to visit us.
The project and installation Handle With Care is an initiative of the artists Patricia Kaersenhout and Jimini Hignett as a two-part exhibition at the Tropenmuseum in Amsterdam as part of the 150th anniversary exhibition of the abolition of slavery in the Netherlands. The project is organized by the Open Gate with the support of the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Macedonia and Tirana and aims to raise awareness of the trafficking among public especially the yout
Call for participants of the Regional Social Academy
IRIS, within Network of CSOs providers of social services Initiative, lead by IDC and in partnership with Arbeiter-Samariter-Bund Deutschland e.V., are announcing the Call for participants of the Regional Social Academy, which will be held in Belgrade, Serbia from 26thto 29th November 2018.
Academy offers participants a unique opportunity to benefit from a diversified training package, exploring migration policy and governance in the region, linkages between migration and social service delivery, and instruments and mechanisms for protecting migrants’ rights. Participants will attend 4 day tailor-made training consisted of different learning methodologies including lectures, workshops, discussions and field visits. The Academy program will enable further improvements and optimization to the needs, interests and constraints of the participants and their institutional and organizational environments. Successful participants will obtain certificates, and enter Academy Alumni. Outstanding results at the Academy will be seen as an advantage when applying for EU based traineeships organized by IRIS Network.
For the application procedure, please follow the link: http://iris-see.eu/apply-to-iris-network-social-academy/
ToR national consultant for action plan and training on the Unified SOPs Macedonia
Terms of Reference
Five years on, Clean Clothes Campaign commemorates Rana Plaza workers
Five years on, Clean Clothes Campaign commemorates Rana Plaza workers and calls for a recommitment for meaningful change in the garment industry
Today five years ago, the Rana Plaza building in Bangladesh collapsed. Thousands of workers at their sewing machines in the five factories that the building housed were buried in the collapsed structure ‑ 1,134 of them died, thousands more were injured. On this day our thoughts are with the families who lost loved ones five years ago and with the survivors that have to live with the memories of that dreadful tragedy. Please for more information open this link: Five years on
New regional initiative of the IRIS NETWORK
New regional initiative of the IRIS NETWORK
Joint meeting, Skopje, March 2, 2018, hosted Open Gate
The purpose of the meeting is to present the new opportunities for cooperation and support for members of the IRIS network.
For more information about the project, please see the following link: http://iris-see.eu/new-regional-initiative-of-the-iris-network-csos-for-protection-sensitive-migration-management/