The process of human trafficking

How does it happen?

The initial element of the trafficking in persons process is the recruitment phase. By misusing the innocence and naivety of young people who are trying to improve their future, to lead an exciting life full of adventures, see new places and meet new cultures, the traffickers are recruiting new individuals in the process of trafficking in persons on a daily basis. The recruitment (the entrapment) in trafficking in persons is done by using various methods, such as: false lucrative job offers, fake travel arrangements, contracting phony marriages, and even selling victims by their parents/guardians, friends, acquaintances or unknown individuals.
The next element in the process of trafficking in persons is the phase of transportation or transfer of victims from one city to another, or from one country to another. This is done mostly, because the transfer of victims from their place of origin to a different place, allows the traffickers to remove the victims from their usual environment and familiar surroundings and it provides for achieving a greater control over them.
All previously mentioned actions, taken by the traffickers are leading towards the final element of the process and have solely one ultimate goal, and that is exploitation. The exploitation frequently begins at the place of destination and allows for the fulfillment of the greatest motive that traffickers have – and that is to make financial profit. The goal of the traffickers is to make profit by exploiting other persons, which can happen in different ways: sexual exploitation, labor exploitation, forced beggary, forced commission of crimes, illegal adoption, forced marriages, trade in human organs or in any other manner.
In order to ensure submission, obedience and control over the victim, traffickers use violence (psychological, physical and sexual), blackmail and intimidation, threats (against the victim’s life, but also against the lives of the members of his or her immediate family), they are taking away personal documents, they isolate the victims from the surroundings or the environment, control their movement and they also create an addiction by means of using narcotic drugs and alcohol.
The most common manner of controlling the victims is the so-called indebted slavery. The victim is being told that the trafficker paid a certain amount of money in order to cover the travel expenses to the final destination, i.e. a sum that is constantly increasing due to interest and everyday expenses that are required for the victim’s subsistence. The victim is continually kept to
believe that as soon as he or she pays off that amount, he or she can regain his or her freedom.

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