Reasons and consequences of human trafficking

What are the reasons for the appearance of trafficking in persons?

There are many reasons for the emergence of trafficking in persons. Most often, they are predetermined by numerous political, economic, social and cultural factors. Trafficking in persons operates according to the principle of supply and demand.
On one hand, there are certain incitement factors in the countries of origin (unemployment, poverty, social exclusion, situations of armed or war conflicts and repression, lack of political, social and economic stability, domestic violence, gender discrimination, lack of proper access to education and information etc.), which have an effect on people who decide to migrate to other cities or countries in search of a better life or simply as part of the fight for survival.
On the other hand, in developed and wealthy countries, i.e. destination countries, there is a vast demand for inexpensive products, cheap labor and low-priced services (temptation factors). Organized crime groups have found their own interest and an opportunity for making huge profits by connecting the supply and demand. All these reasons contribute towards increased (desire for) migration, but in conditions of restricted possibilities for legal migration due to numerous repressive policies, people use various smuggling channels and go-betweens, exposing themselves to deceit, violence, abuse and exploitation. In addition, there are also the so-called “universal factors” that also have their share in the development of trafficking in persons. The absence of information on trafficking in persons, as well as the absence of an authentic information regarding the possibilities abroad, corruption of government officials in the counties of origin, transit and destination, responsible for the
fight against trafficking in persons, nonexistent incrimination of trafficking in persons in certain countries or the inappropriate penal policies in regard to the offenders, strict visa and immigration regimes, as well as the inadequate capacities of the individuals who are in charge of enforcing the laws and controlling the borders, are also factors that facilitate the actions of trafficking in persons and increase the vulnerability among the general population.

What are the consequences? Is there re-victimization of the victims instead of protection?

The victims in the process of trafficking in persons are abused and exploited in specific conditions, which may result in short-term and long-term minor and severe psychological and physical injuries, diseases and infections, especially sexually transmitted diseases or HIV viruses and sometimes this can go to the extreme and result even with permanent disability and death. Any symptoms like: anxiety, depression, alienation, disorientation, aggression and difficulties in concentration are direct consequences of the long-term and repeated traumatic experiences that victims suffered during the process of trafficking in persons. Various studies have shown that injuries and traumas acquired during the process of trafficking in persons can last for a long period after the person has left the situation of exploitation, especially if there is no appropriate support and counseling provided. The rehabilitation and reintegration of victims of trafficking in persons is a long-term and complex process that cannot guarantee success with any certainty. Even, when it is possible to resolve any physical problems and to overcome the stigma, the trauma and the psychological damage hinder the overall process of healing, which is already additionally obstructed by the problems related to the accessibility of services. Some of the victims can no longer adapt to the ways of living that they previously considered as “normal”. The rights of victims often continue to be violated, even after they have
left the situation of exploitation and trafficking, i.e. in many cases they are faced with re-victimization. Namely, in many of the countries, the protection provided to trafficked persons is still directly conditioned by their willingness to cooperate with the competent authorities. However, such a conditional protection is contrary to the full access and protection of human rights, since every exploited victim is guaranteed unconditional support and respect for his or her rights and the use of trafficked persons merely as an instrument in the criminal proceedings are not allowed.

  • CREATE HOPE Humanitarian art bazaar of handicrafts

    CREATE HOPE is the motto of the Humanitarian Art Bazaar of handicrafts created by refugees to be held in honor of #WorldRefugeeDay.
    139 refugees and migrants created over 100 pieces of jewelry, ornaments and pictures as part of the 15 art therapy workshops held in transit centers Tabanovce and Vinojug and reception center Vizbegovo.
    The artifacts will be on sale, and the funds raised will be used to support the needs of refugees and migrants in Macedonia.
    USAID's Migrant and Refugee Human Rights Protection Project, implemented by Macedonian Young Lawyers Association in cooperation with Open Gate - Open Gate: La Strada Macedonia invites you to be part of this event and to contribute to strengthening public awareness of refugees and to the welfare of these people.
    USAID Macedonia #withrefugees #refugeeday

    Find out more!
  • Global Monthly Surveillance Report

    Find out more!
  • We call today upon all European governments to implement the
    10 points of action described below to ensure
    that trafficked persons can access their right to
    compensation and to remove the
    obstacles that prevent them from doing to.


    This campaign is part of the Balkans ACT NOW II project which
    focuses on monitoring national anti-trafficking policies
    and the improvement of access to compensation
    for victims of human trafficking and other violent crimes.  

    Find out more!
  • Find out more!
  • To Say YES for better life of all refuges

    To Say YES for better life of all refuges, YES for recognitions of their human rights
    On the 20 th of June the World Refugees Day – the day of all people, who are force to say good bye for its homeland, for their first love, friends, family members, mother, father …… to leave part from their life.
    Millions of children never will forget and cope with the trauma that they survived, through the heal they gone in the unknown. To ask ourselves how much they are guilty because of the different reasons are displaced from their homes, tortured? Even though it is commonly spoken for the human rights, adopted conventions, laws, directives and strategies however today many people and children do not have the opportunities to enjoy it.  In the name of World Refugees Day, Open Gate in the Reception centres at Vinojug/Gevgelija and Tabanovce and in the Center for Asylum seekers organize variety of activates with the migrants/refugees and the asylum seekers that are in Macedonia amongst which : sports activate, visits of the ZOO in Skopje, children games, traditional food and etc. Through these activates Open Gate would like to say YES for better life of all Refugees, Yes for recognitions of their human rights.


    Find out more!
  • Find out more!
  • Raise your voice against human trafficking 3 Part
    Raise your voice against human trafficking 3 Part
  • Mobil Application BAN HUMAN TRAFFICKING
    Mobil Application BAN HUMAN TRAFFICKING
  • 'Used in Europe', a campaign to raise awareness on the issue of labour exploitation and human trafficking  Interested to know more?
    'Used in Europe', a campaign to raise awareness on the issue of labour exploitation and human trafficking Interested to know more?
  • Raise your voice against human trafficking- 2 Part
    Raise your voice against human trafficking- 2 Part
  • Prevent Protect Compensate
    Prevent Protect Compensate
  • Media campaign - Raise your voice against human trafficking- 1 Part
    Media campaign - Raise your voice against human trafficking- 1 Part
  • Baner Hana
    Baner Hana