Reasons and consequences of human trafficking

What are the reasons for the appearance of trafficking in persons?

There are many reasons for the emergence of trafficking in persons. Most often, they are predetermined by numerous political, economic, social and cultural factors. Trafficking in persons operates according to the principle of supply and demand.
On one hand, there are certain incitement factors in the countries of origin (unemployment, poverty, social exclusion, situations of armed or war conflicts and repression, lack of political, social and economic stability, domestic violence, gender discrimination, lack of proper access to education and information etc.), which have an effect on people who decide to migrate to other cities or countries in search of a better life or simply as part of the fight for survival.
On the other hand, in developed and wealthy countries, i.e. destination countries, there is a vast demand for inexpensive products, cheap labor and low-priced services (temptation factors). Organized crime groups have found their own interest and an opportunity for making huge profits by connecting the supply and demand. All these reasons contribute towards increased (desire for) migration, but in conditions of restricted possibilities for legal migration due to numerous repressive policies, people use various smuggling channels and go-betweens, exposing themselves to deceit, violence, abuse and exploitation. In addition, there are also the so-called “universal factors” that also have their share in the development of trafficking in persons. The absence of information on trafficking in persons, as well as the absence of an authentic information regarding the possibilities abroad, corruption of government officials in the counties of origin, transit and destination, responsible for the
fight against trafficking in persons, nonexistent incrimination of trafficking in persons in certain countries or the inappropriate penal policies in regard to the offenders, strict visa and immigration regimes, as well as the inadequate capacities of the individuals who are in charge of enforcing the laws and controlling the borders, are also factors that facilitate the actions of trafficking in persons and increase the vulnerability among the general population.

What are the consequences? Is there re-victimization of the victims instead of protection?

The victims in the process of trafficking in persons are abused and exploited in specific conditions, which may result in short-term and long-term minor and severe psychological and physical injuries, diseases and infections, especially sexually transmitted diseases or HIV viruses and sometimes this can go to the extreme and result even with permanent disability and death. Any symptoms like: anxiety, depression, alienation, disorientation, aggression and difficulties in concentration are direct consequences of the long-term and repeated traumatic experiences that victims suffered during the process of trafficking in persons. Various studies have shown that injuries and traumas acquired during the process of trafficking in persons can last for a long period after the person has left the situation of exploitation, especially if there is no appropriate support and counseling provided. The rehabilitation and reintegration of victims of trafficking in persons is a long-term and complex process that cannot guarantee success with any certainty. Even, when it is possible to resolve any physical problems and to overcome the stigma, the trauma and the psychological damage hinder the overall process of healing, which is already additionally obstructed by the problems related to the accessibility of services. Some of the victims can no longer adapt to the ways of living that they previously considered as “normal”. The rights of victims often continue to be violated, even after they have
left the situation of exploitation and trafficking, i.e. in many cases they are faced with re-victimization. Namely, in many of the countries, the protection provided to trafficked persons is still directly conditioned by their willingness to cooperate with the competent authorities. However, such a conditional protection is contrary to the full access and protection of human rights, since every exploited victim is guaranteed unconditional support and respect for his or her rights and the use of trafficked persons merely as an instrument in the criminal proceedings are not allowed.

  • Installation "Handle with Care



    Friday, November 2 at the National Gallery of Macedonia -Mala Station, we successfully opened the art installation "Handle with Care." Thanks to all the citizens, institutions, CSO and international organizations that came to see the event and support the initiative.

    The messages s was clear, it is necessary to continue together with the efforts against trafficking in human beings both at the international and at the national level. We need to ensure the timely identification and to provide unreserved protection to victims.

    On November 3, we continued with panel discussion, with representatives of MTSP, HOPS, Coalition of margins, Open Gate/ La Strada and other participants’ mostly young professionals and other citizens.

    We agreed that trafficking in human beings should not be a taboo topic. The recruitment of women's rights, the strengthening and support of women and girls and gender equality should be at the center of the efforts to prevent trafficking in human beings and exploitation.

    For all of you who were not able to visit the event in Skopje, can come to the events planned in Tetovo on 7/8 / 9.11.2018 in the Center for Balkan Cooperation and Bitola on 13/14 / 15.11.2018 - Center for Culture. This project continues to travel in the other cities, in cooperation with the Association Women Forum Tetovo and NGO Semper Bitola. We expect to visit us.

    The project and installation Handle With Care is an initiative of the artists Patricia Kaersenhout and Jimini Hignett as a two-part exhibition at the Tropenmuseum in Amsterdam as part of the 150th anniversary exhibition of the abolition of slavery in the Netherlands. The project is organized by the Open Gate with the support of the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Macedonia and Tirana and aims to raise awareness of the trafficking among public especially the yout

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  • Call for participants of the Regional Social Academy

    IRIS, within Network of CSOs providers of social services Initiative, lead by IDC and in partnership with Arbeiter-Samariter-Bund Deutschland e.V., are announcing the Call for participants of the Regional Social Academy, which will be held in Belgrade, Serbia from 26thto 29th November 2018.

    Academy offers participants a unique opportunity to benefit from a diversified training package, exploring migration policy and governance in the region, linkages between migration and social service delivery, and instruments and mechanisms for protecting migrants’ rights. Participants will attend 4 day tailor-made training consisted of different learning methodologies including lectures, workshops, discussions and field visits. The Academy program will enable further improvements and optimization to the needs, interests and constraints of the participants and their institutional and organizational environments. Successful participants will obtain certificates, and enter Academy Alumni. Outstanding results at the Academy will be seen as an advantage when applying for EU based traineeships organized by IRIS Network.

    For the application procedure, please follow the link:

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  • ToR national consultant for action plan and training on the Unified SOPs Macedonia
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  • Five years on, Clean Clothes Campaign commemorates Rana Plaza workers

    Five years on, Clean Clothes Campaign commemorates Rana Plaza workers and calls for a recommitment for meaningful change in the garment industry

    Today five years ago, the Rana Plaza building in Bangladesh collapsed. Thousands of workers at their sewing machines in the five factories that the building housed were buried in the collapsed structure ‑ 1,134 of them died, thousands more were injured. On this day our thoughts are with the families who lost loved ones five years ago and with the survivors that have to live with the memories of that dreadful tragedy. Please for more information open this link: Five years on





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  • New regional initiative of the IRIS NETWORK

    New regional initiative of the IRIS NETWORK

    Joint meeting, Skopje, March 2, 2018, hosted Open Gate

    The purpose of the meeting is to present the new opportunities for cooperation and support for members of the IRIS network.

    For more information about the project, please see the following link:

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  • Raise your voice against human trafficking 3 Part
    Raise your voice against human trafficking 3 Part
  • Mobil Application BAN HUMAN TRAFFICKING
    Mobil Application BAN HUMAN TRAFFICKING
  • 'Used in Europe', a campaign to raise awareness on the issue of labour exploitation and human trafficking  Interested to know more?
    'Used in Europe', a campaign to raise awareness on the issue of labour exploitation and human trafficking Interested to know more?
  • Raise your voice against human trafficking- 2 Part
    Raise your voice against human trafficking- 2 Part
  • Prevent Protect Compensate
    Prevent Protect Compensate
  • Media campaign - Raise your voice against human trafficking- 1 Part
    Media campaign - Raise your voice against human trafficking- 1 Part
  • Baner Hana
    Baner Hana